Osian (Osiyan) is an ancient town located in the Jodhpur District of Rajasthan. It is an oasis in the Thar Desert, and is also called as the "Khajuraho of Rajasthan" for its beautiful temples of both Jain and Hindu religion. Osian is a historic town which has been called with different names Uvasisala, Ukesa and Upkesapur-pattana during its earlier years it was a major stopping point for silk rout caravans during the Gupta Dynasty during the 6 centuries. Basically, populated by Hindus but saw shift toward Jain Religion during the 9th century and became a centre for the religion giving Osian a great cultural mix which very evident in the temple architecture and other historical ruins like the katan baori which was never completed. Osian is an important Jain pilgrimage centre for the Maheshwari's and Oswal Jain community.
The Jain Mahavira Temple, built here in A.D. 783, was built by King Vatsaraja and since then it has become an important tirtha for Jain community. The Sachiya Mata Temple also equally old and important situated on a hill north-east of Mahavira Temple, enable us some clues to understand the social history of that period. This Temple was built by Upaldev who is the brother of Raja Punj the son of King 'Bheemsain'(king of Bhinmal). Osian is a paradise for History buff, people looking to find their roots. Katan Baori (step well) Built in the 10th century, not long after the more famous Chand Baori in Abhaneri was constructed is ASI protected monument and many more such temples are a must visit during your stay in Osian.